Kinh Nghiệm về What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất 2022

You đang tìm kiếm từ khóa What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất được Update vào lúc : 2022-10-11 16:41:00 . Với phương châm chia sẻ Mẹo về trong nội dung bài viết một cách Chi Tiết 2022. Nếu sau khi đọc tài liệu vẫn ko hiểu thì hoàn toàn có thể lại Comment ở cuối bài để Tác giả lý giải và hướng dẫn lại nha.

Mẹo về What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? 2022

Pro đang tìm kiếm từ khóa What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? được Cập Nhật vào lúc : 2022-10-11 16:40:26 . Với phương châm chia sẻ Bí kíp Hướng dẫn trong nội dung nội dung bài viết một cách Chi Tiết 2022. Nếu sau khi tìm hiểu thêm tài liệu vẫn ko hiểu thì hoàn toàn hoàn toàn có thể lại phản hồi ở cuối bài để Admin lý giải và hướng dẫn lại nha.

Cotton Gin Dahomey, between 1890 and 1906

Detroit Publishing Company

The late 19th-century United States is probably best known for the vast expansion of its industrial plant and output. At the heart of these huge increases was the mass production of goods by machines. This process was first introduced and perfected by British textile manufacturers.

Nội dung chính

    Additional Navigation
    How did the growth of factories affect the growth of cities?
    What were the effects of the growing factory system?
    How did the growth of the middle class affect the Industrial Revolution?
    How did the growth of factories and trade affect cities?

In the century since such mechanization had

begun, machines had replaced highly skilled craftspeople in one industry after another. By the 1870s, machines were knitting stockings and stitching shirts and dresses, cutting and stitching leather for shoes, and producing nails by the millions. By reducing labor costs, such machines not only reduced manufacturing costs but lowered prices manufacturers charged consumers. In short, machine production created a growing abundance of products cheaper prices.

Mechanization also had less

desirable effects. For one, machines changed the way people worked. Skilled craftspeople of earlier days had the satisfaction of seeing a product through from beginning to end. When they saw a knife, or barrel, or shirt or dress, they had a sense of accomplishment. Machines, on the other hand, tended to subdivide production down into many small repetitive tasks with workers often doing only a single task. The pace of work usually became faster and faster; work was often performed in factories

built to house the machines. Finally, factory managers began to enforce an industrial discipline, forcing workers to work set hours which were often very long.

One result of mechanization and factory production was the growing attractiveness of labor organization. To be sure, craft guilds had been around a long time. Now, however, there were increasing reasons for workers to join labor unions. Such labor unions were not notably successful in organizing large numbers of workers in the late

19th century. Still, unions were able to organize a variety of strikes and other work stoppages that served to publicize their grievances about working conditions and wages. Even so, labor unions did not gain even close to equal footing with businesses and industries until the economic chaos of the 1930s.

To find other documents in Loc.gov relating to this topic, you might use the terms work or workers, factories,

or specific occupations such as miner, machinist, factory worker, or machine operator.

Documents

    Circus Days and Ways
    George Estes and the Order of Railroad Telegraphers
    Impact of Machinery on Making Shoes
    Interview with Miss D.
    Piece Work in the Knife Factory
    The Trade Union Woman
    The Workers’ Anvil

Part of

    Primary Source Sets
    Lesson Plans
    Presentations

Additional Navigation

    Teachers trang chủ

    The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library’s vast digital collections in their teaching.

    Analysis Tool & Guide

    To help your students analyze these primary sources, get a graphic organizer and guides.

The Industrial Revolution deserves the name with which historians have tagged it. It brought about thorough and lasting transformations, not just in business and economics but in the basic structures of society. Before industrialization, when the most significant economic activities in most European countries were small-scale farming and

artisan handicrafts, social structures remained essentially as they had been during the Middle Ages. The advent of industrial development revamped patterns of human settlement, labor, and family life. The changes set in motion by industrialization ushered Europe, the United States of America, and much of the world into the modern era.

Most historians place the origin of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain in the middle decades of

the 18th century. In the British Isles and most of Europe this time, most social activity took place in small and medium-sized villages. People rarely traveled far beyond their home village. During the 18th century, the population of Britain and other European countries began rising significantly. Among the first signs of economic transformation was an increase in agricultural productivity, making it possible to feed this rising population. The combination of these factors led to profound

changes in how rural people lived. Gradually, large-scale mechanized agriculture to serve the market began to overtake the kinds of subsistence farming most peasants had practiced for generations. The enclosure movement, which converted commonly held grazing lands into fenced-off private property, added to the new pressures facing the poor, rural majority.

The population increase added to the number of people facing difficulties making a

living on the land. Many left their agrarian lives behind and headed for towns and cities to find employment. Advances in industry and the growth of factory production accelerated the trend toward urbanization in Britain. Industrial cities like Manchester and Leeds grew dramatically over the course of a few short decades. In 1800, about 20 percent of the British population lived in urban areas. By the middle of the nineteenth century, that

proportion had risen to 50 percent. Other Western European lands such as France, the Netherlands, and Germany also experienced an increase in urban populations, albeit, more slowly. These changes thoroughly disrupted longstanding patterns in social relationships that dated back to medieval times.

The nature of work in the new urban industries also had significant social impact. Before the Industrial Revolution, artisans with specialized skills produced most of Europe’s manufactured goods.

Their work was governed by the traditions of their craft and the limits of available resources. Human and animal muscle and the waterwheel were the era’s main energy sources. With the coming of factory-based industry, the coal-fired steam engine and other machinery set a new, faster pace for labor. In the factories, coal mines, and other workplaces, the hours were very long, and the conditions, generally, dismal and dangerous. The size and scope of manufacturing enterprises continued to increase

throughout the 19th century as Europe, the United States, and other parts of the world industrialized. Larger firms that could achieve economies of scale held an advantage in the competitive sphere of international trade. In the industrializing world, the new means of production meant the demise of earlier, slower modes of labor and life.

The most insidious consequences of the new conditions may have been those affecting the most basic

social unit: the family. The preindustrial family was fundamentally both a social and an economic unit. Married couples and their children often worked side by side on a family farm or in a shop, or otherwise divided their labor for the family’s overall benefit. It was also common in 18th-century Great Britain for women and men to work in their rural homes doing jobs such as textile spinning and weaving on a piecework basis for merchant owners.

This decentralized form of employment was called the “putting-out” or domestic system. However, the rise of factory production and industrial cities meant a separation of the home from the workplace for most male workers. Very often, the need for income motivated men to leave their families behind for jobs in the city. Even without geographic separation, many types of industrial jobs were so demanding that they left little downtime for workers

to spend preserving the relational bonds we associate with family life.

Women also worked outside the home. Unmarried women, in particular, often worked as domestic servants. Many British women, including mothers, were employed in the textile mills to help their families make ends meet. Child labor was also rampant in the textile industry during the first century of industrialization. Factory owners appreciated having workers whose fingers were small enough to manipulate delicately

threaded machinery. Despite their importance to the industry’s output, these women and children were paid very little and were routinely compelled to work 16 hours per day or longer. Their jobs were perceived as less skilled than those of their male co-workers, although the working conditions were sometimes equally dangerous.

The United States underwent many of the same social transformations arising from industrialization. U.S. manufacturing began in earnest after the nation broke from

England in the 1770s. An embargo on foreign imports during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson, and a British blockade of the Atlantic seaboard during the War of 1812, spurred domestic production. The United States became one of the world’s leading economic powers by the 1830s.

In the first half century after U.S. independence, a major proportion of the nation’s labor force shifted from the agricultural to the manufacturing sector. As in Great Britain, the textile industry led the way

toward mechanization. In many industries, though, home-based production and artisan craft traditions gave way to wage labor in larger, machine-powered operations. Industrialization, along with great strides in transportation, drove the growth of U.S. cities and a rapidly expanding market economy. It also shaped the development of a large working class in U.S. society, leading eventually to labor struggles and strikes led by working men and women.

By the late 19th and early 20th centuries,

Britain, the United States, and other industrialized nations were debating and enacting reform laws to limit some of the worst abuses of the factory system. However, similarly oppressive labor conditions arose in many parts of the world as their economies industrialized in the 20th and 21st centuries. The reorganization of daily life wrought by industrialization had effects that weakened the material basis for the institutions of the family and the community. These effects were so lasting that

they can still be felt in the present day—even as developed societies have shifted into an era that scholars describe as “postindustrial.”

Articles & Profiles

How did the growth of factories affect the growth of cities?

“Cities grew because industrial factories required large workforces and workers and their families needed places to live near their jobs. Factories and cities attracted millions of immigrants looking for work and a better life in the United States.”

What were the effects of the growing factory system?

The factory system that was created during the Industrial revolution had many positive effects on the economy. It increased wages, allowed the production of goods to be faster, and allowed more goods to be produced.

How did the growth of the middle class affect the Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution created a new middle class along with the working class. Those in the middle class owned and operated the new factories, mines, and railroads, among other industries. Their lifestyle was much more comfortable than that of the industrial working class.

How did the growth of factories and trade affect cities?

The process has historically led to urbanization by creating economic growth and job opportunities that draw people to cities. Urbanization typically begins when a factory or multiple factories are established within a region, which creates a high demand for factory labor.

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Nếu sau khi đọc nội dung bài viết What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất vẫn chưa hiểu thì hoàn toàn có thể lại phản hồi ở cuối bài để Ad lý giải và hướng dẫn lại nha
#effect #growth #factory #system #cities #middleclass #families #Mới #nhất

Kinh Nghiệm về What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất 2022

You đang tìm kiếm từ khóa What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất được Update vào lúc : 2022-10-11 16:41:00 . Với phương châm chia sẻ Mẹo về trong nội dung bài viết một cách Chi Tiết 2022. Nếu sau khi đọc tài liệu vẫn ko hiểu thì hoàn toàn có thể lại Comment ở cuối bài để Tác giả lý giải và hướng dẫn lại nha.

Mẹo về What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? 2022

Pro đang tìm kiếm từ khóa What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? được Cập Nhật vào lúc : 2022-10-11 16:40:26 . Với phương châm chia sẻ Bí kíp Hướng dẫn trong nội dung nội dung bài viết một cách Chi Tiết 2022. Nếu sau khi tìm hiểu thêm tài liệu vẫn ko hiểu thì hoàn toàn hoàn toàn có thể lại phản hồi ở cuối bài để Admin lý giải và hướng dẫn lại nha.

Cotton Gin Dahomey, between 1890 and 1906

Detroit Publishing Company

The late 19th-century United States is probably best known for the vast expansion of its industrial plant and output. At the heart of these huge increases was the mass production of goods by machines. This process was first introduced and perfected by British textile manufacturers.

Nội dung chính

    Additional Navigation
    How did the growth of factories affect the growth of cities?
    What were the effects of the growing factory system?
    How did the growth of the middle class affect the Industrial Revolution?
    How did the growth of factories and trade affect cities?

In the century since such mechanization had

begun, machines had replaced highly skilled craftspeople in one industry after another. By the 1870s, machines were knitting stockings and stitching shirts and dresses, cutting and stitching leather for shoes, and producing nails by the millions. By reducing labor costs, such machines not only reduced manufacturing costs but lowered prices manufacturers charged consumers. In short, machine production created a growing abundance of products cheaper prices.

Mechanization also had less

desirable effects. For one, machines changed the way people worked. Skilled craftspeople of earlier days had the satisfaction of seeing a product through from beginning to end. When they saw a knife, or barrel, or shirt or dress, they had a sense of accomplishment. Machines, on the other hand, tended to subdivide production down into many small repetitive tasks with workers often doing only a single task. The pace of work usually became faster and faster; work was often performed in factories

built to house the machines. Finally, factory managers began to enforce an industrial discipline, forcing workers to work set hours which were often very long.

One result of mechanization and factory production was the growing attractiveness of labor organization. To be sure, craft guilds had been around a long time. Now, however, there were increasing reasons for workers to join labor unions. Such labor unions were not notably successful in organizing large numbers of workers in the late

19th century. Still, unions were able to organize a variety of strikes and other work stoppages that served to publicize their grievances about working conditions and wages. Even so, labor unions did not gain even close to equal footing with businesses and industries until the economic chaos of the 1930s.

To find other documents in Loc.gov relating to this topic, you might use the terms work or workers, factories,

or specific occupations such as miner, machinist, factory worker, or machine operator.

Documents

    Circus Days and Ways
    George Estes and the Order of Railroad Telegraphers
    Impact of Machinery on Making Shoes
    Interview with Miss D.
    Piece Work in the Knife Factory
    The Trade Union Woman
    The Workers’ Anvil

Part of

    Primary Source Sets
    Lesson Plans
    Presentations

Additional Navigation

    Teachers trang chủ

    The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library’s vast digital collections in their teaching.

    Analysis Tool & Guide

    To help your students analyze these primary sources, get a graphic organizer and guides.

The Industrial Revolution deserves the name with which historians have tagged it. It brought about thorough and lasting transformations, not just in business and economics but in the basic structures of society. Before industrialization, when the most significant economic activities in most European countries were small-scale farming and

artisan handicrafts, social structures remained essentially as they had been during the Middle Ages. The advent of industrial development revamped patterns of human settlement, labor, and family life. The changes set in motion by industrialization ushered Europe, the United States of America, and much of the world into the modern era.

Most historians place the origin of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain in the middle decades of

the 18th century. In the British Isles and most of Europe this time, most social activity took place in small and medium-sized villages. People rarely traveled far beyond their home village. During the 18th century, the population of Britain and other European countries began rising significantly. Among the first signs of economic transformation was an increase in agricultural productivity, making it possible to feed this rising population. The combination of these factors led to profound

changes in how rural people lived. Gradually, large-scale mechanized agriculture to serve the market began to overtake the kinds of subsistence farming most peasants had practiced for generations. The enclosure movement, which converted commonly held grazing lands into fenced-off private property, added to the new pressures facing the poor, rural majority.

The population increase added to the number of people facing difficulties making a

living on the land. Many left their agrarian lives behind and headed for towns and cities to find employment. Advances in industry and the growth of factory production accelerated the trend toward urbanization in Britain. Industrial cities like Manchester and Leeds grew dramatically over the course of a few short decades. In 1800, about 20 percent of the British population lived in urban areas. By the middle of the nineteenth century, that

proportion had risen to 50 percent. Other Western European lands such as France, the Netherlands, and Germany also experienced an increase in urban populations, albeit, more slowly. These changes thoroughly disrupted longstanding patterns in social relationships that dated back to medieval times.

The nature of work in the new urban industries also had significant social impact. Before the Industrial Revolution, artisans with specialized skills produced most of Europe’s manufactured goods.

Their work was governed by the traditions of their craft and the limits of available resources. Human and animal muscle and the waterwheel were the era’s main energy sources. With the coming of factory-based industry, the coal-fired steam engine and other machinery set a new, faster pace for labor. In the factories, coal mines, and other workplaces, the hours were very long, and the conditions, generally, dismal and dangerous. The size and scope of manufacturing enterprises continued to increase

throughout the 19th century as Europe, the United States, and other parts of the world industrialized. Larger firms that could achieve economies of scale held an advantage in the competitive sphere of international trade. In the industrializing world, the new means of production meant the demise of earlier, slower modes of labor and life.

The most insidious consequences of the new conditions may have been those affecting the most basic

social unit: the family. The preindustrial family was fundamentally both a social and an economic unit. Married couples and their children often worked side by side on a family farm or in a shop, or otherwise divided their labor for the family’s overall benefit. It was also common in 18th-century Great Britain for women and men to work in their rural homes doing jobs such as textile spinning and weaving on a piecework basis for merchant owners.

This decentralized form of employment was called the “putting-out” or domestic system. However, the rise of factory production and industrial cities meant a separation of the home from the workplace for most male workers. Very often, the need for income motivated men to leave their families behind for jobs in the city. Even without geographic separation, many types of industrial jobs were so demanding that they left little downtime for workers

to spend preserving the relational bonds we associate with family life.

Women also worked outside the home. Unmarried women, in particular, often worked as domestic servants. Many British women, including mothers, were employed in the textile mills to help their families make ends meet. Child labor was also rampant in the textile industry during the first century of industrialization. Factory owners appreciated having workers whose fingers were small enough to manipulate delicately

threaded machinery. Despite their importance to the industry’s output, these women and children were paid very little and were routinely compelled to work 16 hours per day or longer. Their jobs were perceived as less skilled than those of their male co-workers, although the working conditions were sometimes equally dangerous.

The United States underwent many of the same social transformations arising from industrialization. U.S. manufacturing began in earnest after the nation broke from

England in the 1770s. An embargo on foreign imports during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson, and a British blockade of the Atlantic seaboard during the War of 1812, spurred domestic production. The United States became one of the world’s leading economic powers by the 1830s.

In the first half century after U.S. independence, a major proportion of the nation’s labor force shifted from the agricultural to the manufacturing sector. As in Great Britain, the textile industry led the way

toward mechanization. In many industries, though, home-based production and artisan craft traditions gave way to wage labor in larger, machine-powered operations. Industrialization, along with great strides in transportation, drove the growth of U.S. cities and a rapidly expanding market economy. It also shaped the development of a large working class in U.S. society, leading eventually to labor struggles and strikes led by working men and women.

By the late 19th and early 20th centuries,

Britain, the United States, and other industrialized nations were debating and enacting reform laws to limit some of the worst abuses of the factory system. However, similarly oppressive labor conditions arose in many parts of the world as their economies industrialized in the 20th and 21st centuries. The reorganization of daily life wrought by industrialization had effects that weakened the material basis for the institutions of the family and the community. These effects were so lasting that

they can still be felt in the present day—even as developed societies have shifted into an era that scholars describe as “postindustrial.”

Articles & Profiles

How did the growth of factories affect the growth of cities?

“Cities grew because industrial factories required large workforces and workers and their families needed places to live near their jobs. Factories and cities attracted millions of immigrants looking for work and a better life in the United States.”

What were the effects of the growing factory system?

The factory system that was created during the Industrial revolution had many positive effects on the economy. It increased wages, allowed the production of goods to be faster, and allowed more goods to be produced.

How did the growth of the middle class affect the Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution created a new middle class along with the working class. Those in the middle class owned and operated the new factories, mines, and railroads, among other industries. Their lifestyle was much more comfortable than that of the industrial working class.

How did the growth of factories and trade affect cities?

The process has historically led to urbanization by creating economic growth and job opportunities that draw people to cities. Urbanization typically begins when a factory or multiple factories are established within a region, which creates a high demand for factory labor.

Tải thêm tài liệu liên quan đến nội dung nội dung bài viết What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families?

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Chia Sẻ Link Tải What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? miễn phí

Bạn vừa Read Post Với Một số hướng dẫn một cách rõ ràng hơn về Video What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? tiên tiến và phát triển và tăng trưởng nhất Chia Sẻ Link Down What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Free.

Giải đáp vướng mắc về What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families?

Nếu sau khi đọc nội dung nội dung bài viết What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? vẫn chưa hiểu thì hoàn toàn hoàn toàn có thể lại phản hồi ở cuối bài để Mình lý giải và hướng dẫn lại nha

#effect #growth #factory #system #cities #middleclass #families

Related posts:

4160

Video What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất ?

Bạn vừa tìm hiểu thêm tài liệu Với Một số hướng dẫn một cách rõ ràng hơn về Review What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất tiên tiến và phát triển nhất

Share Link Tải What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất miễn phí

Quý khách đang tìm một số trong những Chia Sẻ Link Cập nhật What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất miễn phí.

Hỏi đáp vướng mắc về What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất

Nếu sau khi đọc nội dung bài viết What was the effect of the growth of the factory system and of cities on middle-class families? Mới nhất vẫn chưa hiểu thì hoàn toàn có thể lại phản hồi ở cuối bài để Ad lý giải và hướng dẫn lại nha
#effect #growth #factory #system #cities #middleclass #families #Mới #nhất