Mẹo Hướng dẫn What is the first thing you should do following an operating system installation? 2022

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    Things You Should KnowAbout This ArticleIs this article up to date?What is the first step in installing Windows operating system?What is the first step in updating operating system?

    Installing a new operating system will erase all data on your current drive. Back up all data you want to keep before continuing.Download an ISO file from the operating system distributor’s website and use it to create a bootable disk drive.You’ll need to change the
    Boot order in the BIOS in order to boot from a bootable disk drive.

1

Research your software compatibility. Make sure that the operating system you want to install supports the programs that you want to
use. If you use Microsoft Office or Adobe products for work, you won’t be able to install those programs on a Linux machine. There are similar programs, but they may lack functionality. Likewise, many games that work on Windows do not work on Linux.

2

Check the system requirements. If you’ve decided that you want to install a new operating system, you’ll first need to figure out which one you want to use. Operating systems have varying system requirements, so if you have
an older computer, make sure that your computer can handle a newer operating system. The following are some of the system requirements for different operating systems:

    Windows 11 — 64-bit 1 gigahertz (GHz) dual-core processor, 4 GB of RAM, 64 GB or larger hard drive, UEFI, Secure Boot capable, Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0, DirectX 12 or later with WDDM 2.0 driver, 9″ HD (720p or greater) display with least 8-bit color, Internet
    connection.[1] Window 10 — 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster processor, 1 GB RAM for 32-bit processors or 2 GB RAM for 64-bit processors, 16 GB hard drive space for 32-bit processors or 20 GB hard drive space for 64-bit processors. DirectX 9 or later with WDDM 1.0 driver, 800 x 600 or greater
    display.[2] Linux Ubuntu — 2 gigahertz (GHz) dual-core processor, 4 GB of RAM, 25 GB Hard drive space, VGA display with least 1024×768 resolution, CD/DVD ROM or USB port, Internet
    connection.[3] Linux Mint: 2 GB or RAM (4 GB Recommended), 20 GB hard drive space (100 Recommended), 1024 x 768 (or higher) resolution.[4]
    Linux Fedora: 2GB RAM, 25 GB hard drive space, Dual-core processor, Bootable truyền thông.[5] Arch Linux: 512 MB of RAM, 2 GB hard drive space, 64-bit (x86_64) processor, internet
    connection.[6] Arch Linux is a stripped-down, lightweight version of Linux, but it also has a complicated installation process. Arch Linux is not recommended for beginners. macOS — macOS is designed to run on Apple
    computers only. While it is possible to install macOS on a non-Mac computer, it is a long and complex process, and it requires your PC to have very specific hardware. macOS simply will not run on many PCs.

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3

Backup your data. When you are installing a new operating system, it is likely you will need to erase the entire hard drive in order to install the new operating system. This means that you
will lose all of your files on the computer unless you back them up. Always make sure that any important files are copied to a backup location before starting the installation process. You can use an external hard drive to back up your data. You can also use cloud storage, such as DropBox,
Google Drive, iCloud, or OneDrive.

    If you are installing the operating system alongside your existing one, you most likely will not have to delete any data. It is still wise to back up important files just in case.
    You cannot backup programs; they will need to be reinstalled once you have finished installing your new operating system.

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1

Download the operating system ISO file. Most versions of Windows require you to purchase a license. However, if you have a previous version of Windows 7 or 8, you can
upgrade to Windows 10 for không lấy phí. Likewise, if you have Windows 10, you can upgrade to Windows 11 for không lấy phí. Regardless of which operating system you want to install, you can tải về the ISO file from the developer’s website.

    An ISO file is a disc image that needs to be
    burned to a disc or copied to a bootable USB drive.Alternatively, Windows 10 and 11 allow you to tải về a truyền thông creation tool you can use to create a bootable USB drive, instead of downloading an ISO file.When upgrading Windows, you can only upgrade to your current
    edition. This means that if you have Windows 10 trang chủ Edition, you can only upgrade to Windows 11 trang chủ Edition. If you want to upgrade to Windows 11 Pro, you would need to purchase a license to tải về it.You can tải về various operating system ISO files from the following websites: {https://www.microsoft.com/software-tải về/windows11 Windows 11],
    Windows 10, Linux Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Linux Fedora,
    OpenSUSE, Arch Linux

2

Download Rufus. Rufus is a không lấy phí program you can use to create a bootable USB disk drive. You can use Rufus to create a bootable USB drive from the ISO file you downloaded. You can tải về Rufus from
https://rufus.ie/en/. Go to the website and scroll down and click the latest version of Rufus below the “Download” header.

    Alternatively, If you are creating a bootable CD or DVD, insert a blank disk in your CD/DVD RW drive. Then right-click the ISO file you downloaded and click Burn Disk Image.

3

Insert a blank USB drive and open Rufus. Make sure you have a 4 GB or larger USB drive. Insert it into a không lấy phí USB drive on your PC and open Rufus.

    Rufus will erase all data
    currently stored on your USB drive when it writes the ISO file to the USB drive. Make sure you back up any files and data on the drive you want to keep.

4

Select your USB drive. Use the drop-down menu the top of Rufus to select your USB drive.

5

Click Select and select the ISO file for your new operating system. Click the
button that says Select next to the “Boot selection” menu the top. Then select the ISO file you downloaded for your new operating system. By default, downloaded files can be found in your “Downloads” thư mục.

6

Click Start. It’s the bottom of Rufus. This will start writing the ISO file to the USB drive as a bootable
disk. Allow several minutes for the process to complete. Once the process is completed, you can use the USB drive to boot your computer.

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1

Boot into the BIOS. When you boot up your PC, it tells you which button to press to boot into the BIOS. The button you press varies
depending on your computer’s make and model. It’s usually “F1,” “F2,” “F10,” “F12,” “Esc,” or “DEL.” If your PC boots up too fast for you to see which key to press, you can use the following steps to boot into your BIOS from within Windows 10 or 11:

    Click the Windows Start button.Click the Settings/Gear icon.Click System (Windows 11) or Update & Security (Windows 10)Click Recovery.Click Restart Now
    below “Advanced Startup.”Click Restart Now.Click Troubleshoot.Click UEFI Firmware Settings.Click Restart.

2

Locate the boot order settings. The BIOS menu is different from one computer make and model to the next. Locate the option to change your computer’s boot order. It may be a tab that says “Boot” or something similar.

    Generally, you will use the arrow keys on your keyboard to navigate the BIOS menu. Press Enter to select an option.

3

Change the boot order so that your computer boots from the USB drive or CD/DVD Rom first. If the BIOS menu is not already set to boot from a USB drive or CD/DVD Rom first, follow the on-screen instructions to change the boot
order so that your computer tries to boot from the USB drive (or Removable device) or CD/DVD Rom drive first before booting from your regular hard drive.

4

Save and exit the BIOS. Once you have made the correct changes, locate the option to save the changes you have made and exit the BIOS. Your computer will reboot.

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1

Determine your installation order. If you are installing a Linux distribution that you want to run alongside Windows, you need to install Windows first and then Linux. This is because Windows has a very strict bootloader that needs to be in place before Linux is installed. Otherwise, Windows won’t load.

2

Boot from your installation disc. This is the USB drive or CD/DVD Rom with the ISO file you created. Insert the USB drive into a không lấy phí USB port, or put the CD/DVD into the disk drive. Then
reboot your computer. Your computer will boot from the disk drive instead of the normal hard drive. Once the boot program loads, it will walk you through the steps of installing the operating system.

3

Select your language and keyboard layout. The installation process is different for each operating system. Most will ask you to select your language, keyboard layout, and time and currency format first. It may detect your
keyboard layout automatically, but check to make sure it is the correct layout for your country. Use the menu options to select your preferred options. Then click Next or Continue.

    If you are installing Linux Ubuntu, it gives you the option to try Ubuntu before installing it. You can select this option if you want to try Ubuntu first. Then click the icon that says Install Ubuntu in the lower-right corner of the desktop when you are ready to install Ubuntu.

4

Enter your product key. If you are installing Windows, you will need to enter a product key to get full access to Windows.

    If you don’t have a product key, you can click I don’t have a product key the bottom. This will allow you to select which edition of Windows you want to install and continue the installation process. You will be required to purchase a product key later on.

5

Agree to the Terms and Conditions. Generally, you will need to agree to the license agreement before installing an operating system. Read over the license agreement and click the checkbox
the bottom to agree to the terms and conditions. Then click Next or Continue.

6

Select your update options for Linux. If you are installing Linux Ubuntu, the installer gives you update options. You can select if you want to do a normal installation with games, a web browser, utilities, and a truyền thông
player. A minimal installation will only install a web browser and utilities. You can also select if you want to install updates along with the installation and install third-party software for graphics, Wi-Fi, and other hardware.

    It’s recommended you install updates and third-party software for your graphics hardware and Wi-Fi.

7

Choose your installation type. Windows will give you the option of upgrading or performing a custom installation. Even if you are upgrading to an older version of Windows, it is highly
recommended that you choose “Custom” and start from scratch. This will minimize problems that may arise later from combining old settings and new ones.

    If you are installing Linux, you will be given the option to install alongside your existing operating system (Windows), or to erase the disk and install Linux by itself. If you already have Linux installed, you can choose if you want to
    reinstall Linux, or erase the drive and install Linux again. Choose the option that best meets your needs. If you choose to install alongside Windows, you will be given the option to choose how much hard disk space you want to designate for Linux.

8

Format your partitions. If you are installing Windows, you will need to choose which hard drive partition you want to install it on. Deleting partitions will wipe the data on the partition and return the space to the
Unallocated section. Select the unallocated space and click Next to create a new partition.

    If you are installing Linux, the partition needs to be formatted in the Ext4 format.If you have more than one disk drive or drive partition, make sure you are careful which partition you select to install the operating system on.

9

Select your location. If you are installing Linux Ubuntu, move the orange dot to your location to select your time zone. If you are installing Windows, select your country and then select your
keyboard layout.

10

Create your user login. If you are installing Windows, you will be asked to sign in with your Microsoft account. Then you will be asked to enter a username and password used to log in to your computer. If you are installing Linux, you will be asked to enter your name, computer name, computer name, and password.

11

Wait for the installation to complete. You may be asked if you want to enable certain features, like the ability to use locations to find your device or send diagnostic data to Microsoft. Read the option you are
offered and select the ones that are best for you. Then wait for the installation to finish.

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Add New Question

    Question

    How would you go about installing macOS on a Windows PC?

    Yaffet Meshesha is a Computer Specialist and the Founder of Techy, a full-service computer pickup, repair, and delivery service. With over eight years of experience, Yaffet specializes in computer repairs and technical support. Techy has been featured on TechCrunch and Time.

    Computer Specialist

    Expert Answer

    Technically, you can’t
    because macOS uses a Unix architecture which is completely different than what Windows uses. It’s a Linux-based operating system and Windows PCs aren’t built for that. However, there are ways around this. You can tải về a VMware Agent and then the virtual machine.

    Question

    Why does my Windows OS keep shutting down during installation?

    If you are using a disk, it could be messed up or scratched. Try
    cleaning it, or buy a different disk entirely. The disk itself is inexpensive; it is the actual key that costs a lot.

    Question

    What is the difference between a DVD, CD, DOWNLOAD versions for new Windows 7 Professional?

    DVD is a good Windows to install in Windows 7 Professional, while CD doesn’t create many files because it can corrupt any time.

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    Some operating systems, specifically Linux, have expert setups and normal setups. If you don’t know about disk partitioning, use the automatic setup. It will partition the disks for you.

    As a small thank you, we’d like to offer you a $30 gift card (valid GoNift.com). Use it to try out great new products and services nationwide without paying full price—wine, food delivery, clothing and more. Enjoy!

    Always discharge the static energy from your body toàn thân before handling any hardware to avoid possible damage to it.

    As a small thank you, we’d like to offer you a $30 gift card (valid GoNift.com). Use it to
    try out great new products and services nationwide without paying full price—wine, food delivery, clothing and more. Enjoy!

    A good way to make setup faster is when you back up data, don’t copy it, but move it, then defragment the disk. Try to do this the night before you install the new operating system, as the installation will be able to format the disk much faster. This is especially true if you have an IDE disk that is over 40 gigabytes, or Serial ATA (SATA)
    disk that is over 500 gigabytes.

    As a small thank you, we’d like to offer you a $30 gift card (valid GoNift.com). Use it to try out great new products and services nationwide without paying full price—wine, food delivery, clothing and more. Enjoy!

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    Windows will be unable to read Linux partitions.

    As a small thank you, we’d like to offer you a $30 gift
    card (valid GoNift.com). Use it to try out great new products and services nationwide without paying full price—wine, food delivery, clothing and more. Enjoy!

    If you are installing Windows and you go online, be sure to install antivirus software before you do so.

    As a small thank you, we’d like to offer you a $30 gift card (valid GoNift.com). Use it to try out great new products and services nationwide without paying full price—wine,
    food delivery, clothing and more. Enjoy!

    Be sure to back up everything before you do this unless you are upgrading. However, it is wise to back up while upgrading, too.

    As a small thank you, we’d like to offer you a $30 gift card (valid GoNift.com). Use it to try out great new products and services nationwide without paying full price—wine, food delivery, clothing and more. Enjoy!

    If you are moving from
    Windows to Linux, and don’t know what you’re doing with Linux, perhaps a full install isn’t right. If your computer is new enough to boot to a USB device, install Linux to a flash drive. Otherwise, just boot from CD to use it.

    As a small thank you, we’d like to offer you a $30 gift card (valid GoNift.com). Use it to try out great new products and services nationwide without paying full price—wine, food delivery, clothing and more. Enjoy!

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About This Article

Article SummaryX

1. Find the system specs.
2. Download the operating system or buy installation discs.
3. Back up your
current operating system.
4. Determine the installation order.
5. Boot from the install disc or run the installer.
6. Follow the on-screen instructions.

Did this summary help you?

Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 2,046,315 times.

Is this article up to date?

What is the first step in installing Windows operating system?

To start the Windows install or upgrade process, you need to configure your computer to boot from a CD or DVD before booting to the hard drive. Changing the boot process forces the computer to look for the Windows installation disc before booting from the hard drive.

What is the first step in updating operating system?

The first and most important step after installing a new version of Windows, whether it’s from the update or a fresh install, is to get all your drivers up-to-date to ensure that your internet, monitors, temperature control, and other necessary components of your computer are functioning properly.
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